LEEDS, 1713. THE AMERICAN ALMANACK ... Fitted to the Latitude of 40 Degrees, and a Meridian of five hours West from London, but may, without sensible error, serve all the adjacent places, even from Newfound-Land to Carolina. By Daniel Leeds, Philomat.

By: Leeds, Daniel (1652-1720).

Price: $750.00

Quantity: 1 available

Book Condition: Very good

[New York], probably before [1889].. [1889].. Very good. - Octavo, 7 inches high by 4 inches wide. Softcover, bound in printed stitched self-wraps. 24 pages on buff paper, including the cover pages. The almanac is illustrated with a textual woodcut entitled "The Anatomy of Mans Body, as govern'd by the 12 Constellations". Six pages were printed at an angle, as issued, resulting in minor loss of text on two pages. The corners are creased with occasional minor flaws throughout. Very good.

A RARE 19th Century facsimile of this 1713 almanac, the last one authored by Daniel Leeds. His son Titan Leeds took over in 1714.

The imprint on the title page reads: "Printed by Will. Bradford, New-York". A nineteenth-century facsimile of the original imprint with no information provided as to the facsimile's date of publication nor the printer.

Daniel Leed's almanacs had been printed annually by William Bradford at Philadelphia or New York from 1689 to 1713. On some of the 1713 edition the imprint was omitted and the name of the bookseller was put in its place.

The ESTC (English Short Title Catalogue) locates only 4 copies of the original 1713 edition. Those are held by the Huntington Library, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, the New York Historical Society and the American Antiquarian Society. There also appears to be an imperfect copy at the Library of Congress. As to copies of this rare facsimile: "A List of New York Almanacs 1694-1850" Compiled by Alexander J. Wall (New York Public Library, 1921), notes that a "Fac-simile of this almanac was issued, copies of which are in BPL and BA". BPL are the initials for the Boston Public Library and that copy is now owned by the American Antiquarian Society. BA is the Boston Athenaeum. The AAS copy was evidently printed from a different original than the one at hand here. The following description provided by the AAS does not match our copy: "Evidently reprinted from a copy lacking the lower right-hand corner of the title leaf, as the last two lines of verse and the imprint do not match those of the original edition. The text at foot of p. [2] is likewise imperfectly reproduced. The American Antiquarian Society has bookplate of the Boston Public Library, noting a "received" date of May 17, 1889."

Describing himself as a descendant "of a Gentleman from Leeds in Kent" in the 1712 edition of his almanac, Daniel Leeds (1652-1720) was from the southeast town of Leeds in Kent county (not the larger industrial city of Leeds in Northern England). Various accounts have him sailing to America on the "Shield" which landed at Burlington, West Jersey in December of 1678 or settling at Shrewsbury, New Jersey in 1677. In any case, he became one of the first Deputy Surveyors of West Jersey and subsequently the second Surveyor General of West Jersey, positions he held from 1681 to 1713. A member of the West Jersey Assembly in 1682, he was also a judge in Burlington County from 1692 to 1694. Publishing his first almanac in 1687, Daniel Leeds made significant contributions to the otherwise dry genre by including addresses to the reader, news of religious and community groups, fairs, courts, accounts and anecdotes as well as verse scattered throughout his almanacs. Marion Barber Stowell in "Humor in Colonial Almanacs" writes of Leed's contribution to the evolution of the almanac: "Leeds completed the conversion of the rather technical document that the Harvard Philomaths established to what became, and has remained, the still living farmers' almanac-however senescent its present state. The humor that obviously delighted the colonial farmer continued the tradition of English country humor that had surfaced in the mother country. This humor was homely, earthy, and rather coarse...." Leed's wit did not please everyone, especially the Quakers. Having emigrated to America as a Quaker, he later affiliated with the Church of England and became a fierce critic of the Society of Friends after he was forced by them to repudiate some of the content of his 1687 Almanac. Leeds early almanacs were printed by William Bradford in Philadelphia. Bradford was imprisoned after he became involved in a dispute between Quaker factions in Philadelphia, and was forced to move his printing business to New York. Leeds followed Bradford to New York where he published a virulent manifesto against Quakerism. His anti-Quaker writings include: "The News of a Trumpet", "Hue and Cry against Error", "A Trumpet Sounded", etc. Leeds contributed to the establishment of St. Mary's Anglican Church in Burlington, NJ in 1702 and involved himself more deeply in West Jersey and subsequent New Jersey politics, supporting NJ's first Royal Governor Edward, Lord Cornbury. New Jersey politics aligned along religious lines with Scottish Quakers on one side Anglicans on the other. Cornbury's corrupt rule ended following an investigation by the assembly in 1708. Leeds stayed on as Surveyor of West Jersey until 1713 when he was criminally charged with altering surveys. Attorney General Griffith, an ally of the Anglican faction, refused to prosecute. Following his removal as Surveyor General, Daniel Leeds withdrew from public life and passed on responsibility for his almanac to his son Titan Leeds.

Title: LEEDS, 1713. THE AMERICAN ALMANACK ... Fitted to the Latitude of 40 Degrees, and a Meridian of five hours West from London, but may, without sensible error, serve all the adjacent places, even from Newfound-Land to Carolina. By Daniel Leeds, Philomat.

Author Name: Leeds, Daniel (1652-1720).

Categories: Americana,

Publisher: [New York], probably before [1889].: [1889].

Book Condition: Very good

Seller ID: 35016